Mental Health & Wellbeing

Mental Health Lead

and School Counsellor:

Ifthakar Khaliq

khaliqi@efatrust.org

 

  

 

At Essa Academy, we aim to promote positive mental health for every member of our staff and student body.  We pursue this aim using both universal, whole Academy approaches and specialised, targeted approaches aimed at vulnerable students. 

 

In addition to promoting positive mental health, we aim to recognise and respond to mental ill health.  In an average classroom, three children will be suffering from a diagnosable mental health issue.  By developing and implementing practical, relevant and effective mental health policies and procedures we can promote a safe and stable environment for students affected both directly and indirectly by mental ill health.  

Mental Health Day 2019

USEFUL INFORMATION

Prevalence of Mental Health and Emotional Wellbeing Issues:

                    

  • 1 in 10 children and young people aged 5 - 16 suffer from a diagnosable mental health disorder - that is around three children in every class.

  • Between 1 in every 12 and 1 in 15 children and young people deliberately self-harm.

  • There has been a big increase in the number of young people being admitted to hospital because of self harm. Over the last ten years this figure has increased by 68%.

  • More than half of all adults with mental health problems were diagnosed in childhood. Less than half were treated appropriately at the time.

  • Nearly 80,000 children and young people suffer from severe depression.

  • The number of young people aged 15-16 with depression nearly doubled between the 1980s and the 2000s.

  • Over 8,000 children aged under 10 years old suffer from severe depression.

  • 3.3% or about 290,000 children and young people have an anxiety disorder.

  • 72% of children in care have behavioural or emotional problems - these are some of the most vulnerable people in our society.

 

Below, we have sign-posted information and guidance about the issues most commonly seen in school-aged children. The links will take you through to the most relevant page of the listed website. Some pages are aimed primarily at parents but they are listed here because we think they are useful for school staff too. 

 

Support on all of these issues can be accessed via: 

 

Self-harm

Self-harm describes any behaviour where a young person causes harm to themselves in order to cope with thoughts, feelings or experiences they are not able to manage in any other way. It most frequently takes the form of cutting, burning or non-lethal overdoses in adolescents, while younger children and young people with special needs are more likely to pick or scratch at wounds, pull out their hair or bang or bruise themselves.  

 

Online support

SelfHarm.co.uk: www.selfharm.co.uk

National Self-Harm Network: www.nshn.co.uk

 

Books

Pooky Knightsmith (2015) Self-Harm and Eating Disorders in Schools: A Guide to Whole School Support and Practical Strategies. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

 

Keith Hawton and Karen Rodham (2006) By Their Own Young Hand: Deliberate Self-harm and Suicidal Ideas in Adolescents.London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

 

Carol Fitzpatrick (2012) A Short Introduction to Understanding and Supporting Children and Young People Who Self-Harm.London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers 

 

Depression

Ups and downs are a normal part of life for all of us, but for someone who is suffering from depression these ups and downs may be more extreme. Feelings of failure, hopelessness, numbness or sadness may invade their day-to-day life over an extended period of weeks or months, and have a significant impact on their behaviour and ability and motivation to engage in day-to-day activities.

 

Online support

Depression Alliancewww.depressionalliance.org/information/what-depression

 

Books

Christopher Dowrick and Susan Martin (2015) Can I Tell you about Depression?: A guide for friends, family and professionals.London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

 

Anxiety, panic attacks and phobias

Anxiety can take many forms in children and young people, and it is something that each of us experiences at low levels as part of normal life. When thoughts of anxiety, fear or panic are repeatedly present over several weeks or months and/or they are beginning to impact on a young person’s ability to access or enjoy day-to-day life, intervention is needed. 

 

Online support

Anxiety UKwww.anxietyuk.org.uk

https://www.anxietyuk.org.uk/get-help/anxiety-information/young-people-and-anxiety/exam-stressanxiety/

 

Books

Lucy Willetts and Polly Waite (2014) Can I Tell you about Anxiety?: A guide for friends, family and professionals. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

 

Carol Fitzpatrick (2015) A Short Introduction to Helping Young People Manage Anxiety. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

 

Obsessions and compulsions

Obsessions describe intrusive thoughts or feelings that enter our minds which are disturbing or upsetting; compulsions are the behaviours we carry out in order to manage those thoughts or feelings. For example, a young person may be constantly worried that their house will burn down if they don’t turn off all switches before leaving the house. They may respond to these thoughts by repeatedly checking switches, perhaps returning home several times to do so. Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) can take many forms – it is not just about cleaning and checking.

 

Online support

OCD UKwww.ocduk.org/ocd

 

Books

Amita Jassi and Sarah Hull (2013) Can I Tell you about OCD?: A guide for friends, family and professionals.London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

 

Susan Conners (2011) The Tourette Syndrome & OCD Checklist: A practical reference for parents and teachers.San Francisco: Jossey-Bass

Suicidal feelings

Young people may experience complicated thoughts and feelings about wanting to end their own lives. Some young people never act on these feelings though they may openly discuss and explore them, while other young people die suddenly from suicide apparently out of the blue. 

 

Online support

Prevention of young suicide UK – PAPYRUS:www.papyrus-uk.org        

 

On the edge: ChildLine spotlight report on suicide: www.nspcc.org.uk/preventing-abuse/research-and-resources/on-the-edge-childline-spotlight/

Books

Keith Hawton and Karen Rodham (2006) By Their Own Young Hand: Deliberate Self-harm and Suicidal Ideas in Adolescents.London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

 

Terri A.Erbacher, Jonathan B. Singer and Scott Poland (2015)Suicide in Schools: A Practitioner’s Guide to Multi-level Prevention, Assessment, Intervention, and Postvention. New York: Routledge

Eating problems

Food, weight and shape may be used as a way of coping with, or communicating about, difficult thoughts, feelings and behaviours that a young person experiences day to day. Some young people develop eating disorders such as anorexia (where food intake is restricted), binge eating disorder and bulimia nervosa (a cycle of bingeing and purging). Other young people, particularly those of primary or preschool age, may develop problematic behaviours around food including refusing to eat in certain situations or with certain people. This can be a way of communicating messages the child does not have the words to convey. 

Online support

Beat – the eating disorders charitywww.b-eat.co.uk/about-eating-disorders

Eating Difficulties in Younger Children and when to worrywww.inourhands.com/eating-difficulties-in-younger-children

 

Books

Bryan Lask and Lucy Watson (2014) Can I tell you about Eating Disorders?: A Guide for Friends, Family and Professionals. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

 

Pooky Knightsmith (2015) Self-Harm and Eating Disorders in Schools: A Guide to Whole School Support and Practical Strategies. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers 

 

Pooky Knightsmith (2012) Eating Disorders Pocketbook. Teachers’ Pocketbooks

01204 333 222   /  academyadmin@efatrust.org   /  Essa Academy, Lever Edge Lane, Bolton, BL3 3HH

IMG_7454